Prithvi-II: India’s Latest Success in Testing Ballistic Missile


Prithvi-II: India’s Latest Success in Testing Ballistic Missile

India has just recently managed to successfully test their nuclear missile. Called Prithvi-II, the missile is deemed important for India, especially in a limited war such as one that could happen on the western front, which is where the country borders with Pakistan. The missile comes with a guidance system that the country develops on its own. It is able to load warheads that measure up to 1.000 kg in total. India first tested the missile by firing it from a mobile launcher. This event took place on Wednesday, February 7 at 8:30 pm of Indian Standard Time.

The night trial was conducted by India’s strategic forces command. Prithvi-II is developed domestically and is capable of harboring nuclear warheads. It is a ballistic missile of short range, surface to surface. The missile was launched from a test facility near the coast of Odisha. The uniqueness of this missile lies on the fact that all kind preparations related to its launch are done in the dark environment. This is designed so in order that all activities can be masked from enemies. It is argued that night trial has a significant importance because the missile can be launched from anywhere and anytime it is deemed proper.

The Prithvi-II missile was built under the integrated program of guided missile development, which was constructed by India’s Defense Research and Development Organization. The Indian armed forces first inducted the missile in 2003. The missile has a 350-kilometer range, which is why it falls under the category of the short-range missile. Its name is derived from Sanskrit word meaning “the Earth”. The missile itself weighs about 4.600 kg, 200 kg heavier than its predecessor. Its engine employs single-stage liquid fuel dual motor. It is a significant improvement from Prithvi-I missile in that it makes use of inertial navigation system. The missile also saw the inclusion of a feature that makes it possible for it to deceive anti-ballistic missiles.

Pretty much all radars and other electro-optical systems that are situated along the coast monitored and tracked the missile on its parameters, throughout the path of its flight. The final event was witnessed by a naval ship that was around the target where Prithvi-II landed. The test for this missile took place right after a test for another domestically developed missile, the Agni-II. The Agni-II is a missile of 2.000 km range that falls under the type of Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM), tested on February 6 at Abdul Kalam Island.